Scrape definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary
Word forms: scrapes, scraping, scraped1. transitive verb
If you scrape something from a surface, you remove it, especially by pulling a sharp object over
She went around the car scraping the frost off the windows.
2. transitive verb/intransitive verb
If something scrapes against something else, it rubs against it, making a noise or causing slight damage.
The only sound is that of knives and forks scraping against china.
The car hurtled past us, scraping the wall and screeching to a halt.
3. transitive verb
If you scrape a part of your body, you accidentally rub it against something hard and rough, and
damage it slightly.
She stumbled and fell, scraping her palms and knees.
COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers
Video: pronunciation of
scrape in American English
verb transitiveWord forms: scraped or ˈscraping1. to rub over the surface of with something rough or sharp
2. to make smooth or clean by rubbing with a tool or abrasive
3. to remove by rubbing with something sharp or rough with off, out, etc.
to fall and scrape one’s knee
5. to rub with a harsh, grating sound
chalk scraping a blackboard
to scrape together some money
verb intransitive8. to scrape something so as to remove dirt, etc.
9. to rub against something harshly; grate
10. to give out a harsh, grating noise
11. to collect or gather goods or money slowly and with difficulty
12. with through, along, by
13. to draw the foot back along the ground in bowing
15. a scraped place; abrasion or scratch
16. the noise of scraping; harsh, grating sound
17. a disagreeable or embarrassing situation; predicament, esp. when caused by one’s own conduct
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.
Derived forms scraper (ˈscraper)noun
Word originME scrapen < ON skrapa, akin to Du schrapen, OE screpan, to scratch < IE base *(s)ker-, to cut > scurf, sharp
scrape in British English
2. (tr; often foll by away or off)
to scrape one’s knee
7. (transitive)to finish (a surface) by use of a scraper
9. (transitive) computing
13. a harsh or grating sound
Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers
Derived formsscrapable (ˈscrapable)adjective
Word originOld English scrapian; related to Old Norse skrapa, Middle Dutch schrapen, Middle High German schraffen
Examples of ‘scrape’ in a sentence
These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more…
I could easily scrape through to the base metal with my fingernail.
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scrape – Wiktionary
From Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa (“to scrape, scratch”) and Old English scrapian (“to scrape, scratch”), both from Proto-Germanic *skrapōną, *skrepaną (“to scrape, scratch”), from Proto-Indo-European *skreb- (“to engrave”). Cognate with Dutch schrapen (“to scrape”), schrappen (“to strike through; to cancel; to scrap”), schrabben (“to scratch”), German schrappen (“to scrape”), Danish skrabe (“to scrape”), Icelandic skrapa (“to scrape”), Walloon screper (“to scrape”), Latin scribō (“dig with a pen, draw, write”).
enPR: skrāp, IPA(key): /skɹeɪp/
scrape (third-person singular simple present scrapes, present participle scraping, simple past and past participle scraped)
(transitive, intransitive) To draw (an object, especially a sharp or angular one), along (something) while exerting pressure.
She scraped the wooden plate with her fingernails.
(transitive) To remove (something) by drawing an object along in this manner.
Scrape the chewing gum off with a knife.
(transitive) To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface.
She tripped on a rock and scraped her knee.
(transitive) To barely manage to achieve.
I scraped a pass in the exam.
(transitive) To collect or gather, especially without regard to the quality of what is chosen.
Just use whatever you can scrape together.
(computing) To extract data by automated means from a format not intended to be machine-readable, such as a screenshot or a formatted web page.
(intransitive) To occupy oneself with getting laboriously.
He scraped and saved until he became rich.
1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:And he shall spend mine honour with his shame, As thriftless sons their scraping fathers’ gold
(transitive, intransitive) To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or similar instrument.
To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
To express disapprobation of (a play, etc. ) or to silence (a speaker) by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; usually with down.
1841, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Warren Hastings
All the various kinds of interest which 80 strongly against the accused, that his friends belong to the near and to the distant, to the were coughed and scraped down.
(draw an object along while exerting pressure): grate, scratch, drag
(injure by scraping): abrade, chafe, graze
terms derived from scrape (verb)
draw an object along while exerting pressure
Armenian: քերել (hy) (kʿerel)
Bashkir: ҡырыу (qïrïw), ышҡыу (ïšqïw)
Belarusian: скрэ́бці impf (skrébci)
Mandarin: 刮 (zh) (guā), 擦 (zh) (cā), 刮削 (zh) (guāxiāo), 削 (zh) (xiāo)
Czech: škrábat impf
Dutch: schrapen (nl)
Estonian: kriipima, kraapima, kraapama, kraapsima
Finnish: raaputtaa (fi)
French: gratter (fr)
Galician: ripar, rapar, rafar, raspiñar (gl), eslasar, adoxar, raspar (gl)
German: abkratzen (de), kratzen (de), schaben (de), scharren (de), schrammen (de)
Ancient: ξύω (xúō)
Italian: grattare (it), graffiare (it)
Japanese: 削る (けずる, kezuru), 擦る (ja) (こする, kosuru)
Korean: 긁다 (ko) (geukda)
Maori: hākuku, wharowharo
Mongolian: хусах (mn) (khusakh)
Old English: scrapian
Polish: skrobać (pl) impf
Portuguese: arranhar (pt), raspar (pt)
Romanian: zgâria (ro)
Russian: скрести́ (ru) impf (skrestí), поскрести́ (ru) pf (poskrestí), цара́пать (ru) impf (carápatʹ), поцара́пать (ru) pf (pocarápatʹ), скря́бать (ru) impf (skrjábatʹ), поскря́бать pf (poskrjábatʹ)
Slovak: škrabať impf
Spanish: raspar (es)
Telugu: గీరు (te) (gīru)
Turkish: kazımak (tr)
Ukrainian: скребти́ impf (skrebtý)
Walloon: screper (wa), greter (wa)
cause to be in a certain state by scraping
Estonian: kraapima, kaapima, kaabitsema, kõõpima
Italian: (please verify) grattare (it), (please verify) raschiare (it)
Russian: отскреба́ть (ru) impf (otskrebátʹ), отскрести́ (ru) pf (otskrestí), отскрести́ (ru) pf (otskrestí), соскреба́ть (ru) impf (soskrebátʹ), соскрести́ (ru) pf (soskrestí), скобли́ть (ru) impf (skoblítʹ), отскобли́ть (ru) pf (otskoblítʹ)
injure by scraping
Bashkir: һыҙырыу (hïðïrïw)
Mandarin: 擦傷 (zh), 擦伤 (zh) (cāshāng)
Estonian: kriimustama, kriipima
Finnish: raapia (fi), naarmuttaa (fi)
French: effleurer (fr)
Galician: rabuñarse, aruñarse, esgarnancharse, gaduñarse, caritarse, raspuñarse
Italian: (please verify) graffiare (it), (please verify) sbucciarsi
Portuguese: ralar (pt), esfolar (pt)
Russian: цара́пать (ru) impf (carápatʹ), поцара́пать (ru) pf (pocarápatʹ), оцара́пать (ru) pf (ocarápatʹ)
Sanskrit: रदति (sa) (radati)
Spanish: arañarse (es), rasparse
Walloon: si digreter, si dischaver (wa), si screper (wa)
scrape (countable and uncountable, plural scrapes)
A broad, shallow injury left by scraping (rather than a cut or a scratch).
He fell on the sidewalk and got a scrape on his knee.
(slang) A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons.
He got in a scrape with the school bully.
An awkward set of circumstances.
I’m in a bit of a scrape — I’ve no money to buy my wife a birthday present.
2020 December 2, “A life remembered: Stuart Baker”, in Rail, page 61:Stuart made us all laugh – his mischievous stories were told throughout his career and in later days featured some very senior politicians and railway managers. He certainly got into many scrapes over the years.
(Britain, slang) A D and C or abortion; or, a miscarriage.
1972, in U. S. Senate Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Abuse of psychiatry for political repression in the Soviet Union. Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, United States Government Printing Office, page 127,
It’s quite possible, in view of the diagnosis ‘danger of miscarriage’, that they might drag me off, give me a scrape and then say that the miscarriage began itself.
1980, John Cobb, Babyshock: A Mother’s First Five Years, Hutchinson, page 232,
In expert hands abortion nowadays is almost the same as having a scrape (D & C) and due to improved techniques such as suction termination, and improved lighter anaesthetic, most women feel no worse than having a tooth out.
1985, Beverley Raphael, The Anatomy of Bereavement: a handbook for the caring professions, Routledge, →ISBN, page 236,
The loss is significant to the woman and will be stated as such by her. For her it is not “nothing, ” “just a scrape, ” or “not a life. ” It is the beginning of a baby. Years later, she may recall it not just as a miscarriage but also as a baby that was lost.
1999, David Jenkins, Listening to Gynaecological Patients\ Problems, Springer, →ISBN, page 16,
you had a scrape or curettage recently?
A shallow depression used by ground birds as a nest; a nest scrape.
1948, in Behaviour: An International Journal of Comparative Ethology, E. J. Brill, page 103,
We knew from U. Weidmann’s work (1956) that Black-headed Gulls could be prevented from laying by offering them eggs on the empty scrape veil before […]
2000, Charles A. Taylor, The Kingfisher Science Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications, →ISBN, page 85,
The plover lays its eggs in a scrape on the ground. ¶ […] ¶ Birds’ nests can be little more than a scrape in the ground or a delicate structure of plant material, mud, and saliva.
2006, Les Beletsky, Birds of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press, →ISBN, page 95,
Turkey females place their eggs in a shallow scrape in a hidden spot on the ground. Young are born ready to leave the nest and feed themselves (eating insects for their first few weeks).
(military) A shallow pit dug as a hideout.
2014, Harry Turtledove, Hitler’s War
In between rounds, he dug a scrape for himself with his entrenching tool.
(Britain, slang) A shave.
1945, Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire (page 66)
A’m goin to the barber’s for a scrape.
(uncountable, Britain, slang, obsolete) Cheap butter.
(uncountable, Britain, slang, obsolete) Butter laid on bread in the thinnest possible manner, as though laid on and scraped off again.
2001, Carolyn Cooke, The Bostons, Houghton Mifflin Books, →ISBN, page 172–173,
He could hear deer moo in the woods, smell their musk, spot a scrape in a birch tree twenty feet away.
2005, Dragan Vujic, Hunting Farm Country Whitetails, iUniverse, →ISBN, page 58,
Female whitetails periodically investigate scrapes created by specific bucks. As the doe approaches estrus and becomes receptive to breeding, she will urinate in a scrape as a sharp signal to the buck that she is ready for him.
(injury): abrasion, graze
(fight): altercation, brawl, fistfight, fight, fisticuffs, punch-up, scuffle
(awkward set of circumstances): bind, fix, mess, pickle
See also Thesaurus:injury
bread and scrape
Finnish: tappelu (fi)
German: Kampf (de) m, Boxkampf (de) m, Faustkampf (de) m
Italian: rissa (it) f bagarre (it) f
Russian: сты́чка (ru) f (stýčka), дра́ка (ru) f (dráka), потасо́вка (ru) f (potasóvka)
Spanish: pelea (es) f
(a shave; butter): 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary
CASREP, Casper, Pacers, Scaper, capers, crapes, e-scrap, escarp, pacers, parsec, recaps, scaper, secpar, spacer
What is data scraping and how is it used? – The SilverLogic | TSL
DATA SCRAPING – TYPES, USES, & WHY IT MATTERS
Rewrite: Gabriel Marimón 2020
In the world of business data, every number and statistic pertaining to your company and your business partners offers an opportunity for insight, growth, and success. For example, researching clients and business partners is proven essential to closing profitable, mutually beneficial deals with them. This is why 38% of companies use data and web scraping for content and market research, with real estate being the number one target of web scraping according to the 2016 Economics of Web Scraping Report by Distil Networks. For the modern business owner, data scraping is a powerful business automation option, fueling the growth and success of their companies through increased productivity.
Data scraping is a method that empowers professionals with various tools to work with data – be it extracting, analyzing, or integrating. Leveraging its ability to efficiently extract data from multiple websites, or extracting data from a legacy system when no API is available, data scraping is an efficient way to replace cumbersome, and many times ineffective, programs or tasks humans are completing.
What Is Data Scraping? What is Data Extraction?
Data scraping (or data extraction) is a practice that can automatically extract data from websites, databases, enterprise applications, or legacy systems. With data scraping, large amounts of relevant information—such as product reviews, contact information for certain businesses or individuals, social networking posts, and web content—can be collected for your company’s use. Custom software collects and exports web data into a program that then integrates it with your company’s resources and workflow. For example, The SilverLogic has often developed data scraping software that automatically exports pertinent information to your company spreadsheets, QuickBooks, documents, and websites—business data at your company’s fingertips.
Data scraping is a practice that empowers professionals with various tools, to work with information by extracting, analyzing, or integrating it into a company’s systems. Able to efficiently extract data from multiple sources even when no API is available, scraping is an efficient way to replace cumbersome, ineffective programs or manual data entry by a company’s workers. An API, or Application Programming Interface, is a programming tool belt that allows software developers to create applications that work in harmony with any given system, such as a company’s databases.
Web and content scraping tools, employed by nearly every industry from sports to government to corporations, are a competitive advantage that makes businesses millions of dollars each year. There are many off-the shelf, point-and-click data scrapers businesses can leverage, in addition to fully customized, cloud-based web scrapers. So, how can companies adopt data scraping? What kinds of kinds are there and what tools are available to business owners?
What are Data Scraping Programs?
Popular sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube often provide their APIs publicly for developers to access their data in a structured way. But when APIs are not available or different data needs to be extracted, a web scraping program is built using Python, Ruby, PHP, or many other popular programming languages, in order to access and download web information without an API. Historically, web scraping programs are often called bots, crawlers, spiders, harvesters, etc.
Some examples of online web scraping tools available include:
FlightStats for real-time airline transport data
Wikibuy for product pricing comparison
Web Scraper chrome extension for site maps
The SEO Spider tool Screaming Frog
Content scraper tool Ahrefs Site Explorer
Some examples of screen scraping software include:
UiPath – Comprehensive screen scraper to pull data from any application in minutes
Jacada – Jacada Integration and Automation (JIA) is a reliable data integration, desktop automation & windows/web app screen scraping
Macro Scheduler – Powerful screen text capture, OCR functions, and multiple tools
Data scraping has also historically been used illegally and unethically, as it is sometimes used to steal and re-share copyrighted content or to automate the matching and beating of competitors’ pricing. Spammers and scammers often use it to harvest email addresses to send malicious mail or scams. It is also used to hack websites or business intranets, and extract (steal) information to commit other types of crime, blackmail, or fraud. In order to use data scraping responsibly for your business, please consult with a team of experts, such as The SilverLogic, to ensure that your business technology is ethical.
Two Types of Data Scraping
Web scraping (or content scraping) is the main form of data scraping for business applications. Its software automatically downloads webpages or resources, parses their coded information, and delivers it to companies for usage. Meant for data analysis, acquisition, and research, web scraping has been around since the 2000s. Search engines used web scrapers called “Web Crawlers” to inspect the content and data of millions of websites. The keywords and data extracted were then indexed and used to power the search engines users use to navigate the web. Without web crawlers, we would not have Google, Yahoo!, or Bing.
Web scraping is comprehensive, customizable, and effective at collecting whatever modern web data your company requires for intelligent business decisions.
Web scraping and content scraping can be harnessed to aid businesses in the following practices, to name a few:
Market & Competitor Research
Contact Scraping (Email and Contact Info)
Weather or Currency Data Monitoring
Marketing – Content Creation, SEO, Metadata, etc.
Decision Making & Planning
A wide variety of industries use web scraping in their daily business operations, such as:
Search Engines – Extract relevant information from websites to display in relation to search criteria
Sports – Tracking sports for stats, fantasy standings, bets, etc.
Government – Tracking inflation, currency, or news for a specific country
Real Estate – Tracking the prices for housing markets, property or rentals, competitor comparison, and more
Marketing – Tracking social media sentiment around consumer confidence, SEO, metadata, content scraping, keywords, ad word copy, potential influencers, and more
Pricing – Compare the prices of tickets, airlines, hotels, festivals, products or any number of items or services to source the best deal or price accordingly
Unlike web scraping, screen scraping does not download and parse web sources. Instead, it analyzes visual interfaces—straight from the screen intended for the user—to scrape text, images, and other content, making it ideal for application-based analytics and research. It is also extremely useful for scanning outdated sources. The rapidly-paced evolution of technology means that certain legacy systems, software, and applications become obsolete and costly to maintain. Furthermore, these large investments hold a wealth of sensitive and important information that is painstaking to export without the aid of a screen scraper. In a 2017 study completed by SnapLogic and the independent research firm Vanson Bourne, based on a survey of 500 U. S. IT companies, it was discovered that critical data trapped in legacy systems and disconnected data roadmaps added up to nearly $140 billion in missed opportunities and additional costs.
Screen scraping a system in its entirety is crucial for certain companies, especially when their data needs to be kept intact for long periods of time for regulatory or record-keeping purposes. Screen scraping is ideal for extracting data without accessing the source code, as many older CRM systems do not have their own built-in APIs. This makes scraping technology a powerful tool for migrations, due to its ability to access and export legacy data with a high level of accuracy.
Screen scraping can be harnessed to aid businesses in the following practices, to name a few:
Using standard APIs to analyze screen contents
System API interception to monitor (catch) how data reaches the screen
Custom mirror driver or accessibility driver
Using Optical character recognition (OCR)
A wide variety of industries use screen scraping in their daily business operations, such as:
Crucial Legacy Systems – Highly accurate and complete migration of all system data
Governments – public and government records
Health Care Providers – health records for patients
Banks – legal documents, account information, and transaction records
Energy & Mining – crucial legacy systems data, records, approvals, etc.
Corporations & Multi-Nationals – Enterprise data from ERP, CRM, SCM, and other systems
What Can Data Scraping Do?
Web scraping is used for marketing efforts and research to price, monitor, analyze, and aggregate information that supports decision making, content creation, or marketing efforts.
Data scraping can serve as a powerful tool for staying ahead of business competition. For example, imagine a company invests funds into a promotion of their products to generate sales, but doesn’t know a competitor is a step ahead of them by using business automation technology and a web scraper. The web scraper can swiftly identify their competitor’s new price soon after it comes online, enabling a quick response from competing business leaders.
In the modern business world, instant information updates and the ability to respond to new situations intelligently, capitalizing on opportunities, enables companies to get ahead of the competition at every turn. Business leaders and managers can rely on business automation technology to provide them clear, organized data to consider during critical decision making. Fully integrated within their company’s documentation systems of choice, data scraping technology ensures that business and market research has never been easier.
Can Data Scraping Help You?
Whether you are upgrading your legacy system or want to further learn how to leverage the power of web or content scraping for your business, contact us today at The SilverLogic for a meeting on how this technology can help your business thrive.
Our award-winning team of software engineers and experts are customer-focused solution architects, ready to build a custom solution for your e-commerce/online business or enterprise. Together, we can simplify the process of upgrading your system or building a custom scraping tool for web development, data migration, marketing, or any other applications. Since 2012, our team has helped clients navigate questions of investing vs spending on tech solutions, providing a number of services and solutions to help collaboratively create your own custom-made competitive advantage.
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Frequently Asked Questions about definition scrape
What is a scrape in England?
scrape in British English (skreɪp ) verb. to move (a rough or sharp object) across (a surface), esp to smooth or clean. 2. ( tr; often foll by away or off)
What is scrape slang for?
(slang) A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons. He got in a scrape with the school bully.
What does scrape mean in business?
Data scraping (or data extraction) is a practice that can automatically extract data from websites, databases, enterprise applications, or legacy systems. … Custom software collects and exports web data into a program that then integrates it with your company’s resources and workflow.