Define Scrape

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Scrape definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary

Scrape definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary

(skreɪp)
Word forms: scrapes, scraping, scraped1. transitive verb
If you scrape something from a surface, you remove it, especially by pulling a sharp object over
the surface.
She went around the car scraping the frost off the windows.
2. transitive verb/intransitive verb
If something scrapes against something else, it rubs against it, making a noise or causing slight damage.
The only sound is that of knives and forks scraping against china.
The car hurtled past us, scraping the wall and screeching to a halt.
3. transitive verb
If you scrape a part of your body, you accidentally rub it against something hard and rough, and
damage it slightly.
She stumbled and fell, scraping her palms and knees.
COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers
Video: pronunciation of
scrape
scrape in American English
verb transitiveWord forms: scraped or ˈscraping1. to rub over the surface of with something rough or sharp
2. to make smooth or clean by rubbing with a tool or abrasive
3. to remove by rubbing with something sharp or rough with off, out, etc.
4.
to fall and scrape one’s knee
5. to rub with a harsh, grating sound
chalk scraping a blackboard
7.
to scrape together some money
verb intransitive8. to scrape something so as to remove dirt, etc.
9. to rub against something harshly; grate
10. to give out a harsh, grating noise
11. to collect or gather goods or money slowly and with difficulty
12. with through, along, by
13. to draw the foot back along the ground in bowing
noun
15. a scraped place; abrasion or scratch
16. the noise of scraping; harsh, grating sound
17. a disagreeable or embarrassing situation; predicament, esp. when caused by one’s own conduct
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.
Derived forms scraper (ˈscraper)noun
Word originME scrapen < ON skrapa, akin to Du schrapen, OE screpan, to scratch < IE base *(s)ker-, to cut > scurf, sharp
scrape in British English
verb
2. (tr; often foll by away or off)
4. (transitive)
to scrape one’s knee
7. (transitive)to finish (a surface) by use of a scraper
9. (transitive) computing
13. a harsh or grating sound
Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers
Derived formsscrapable (ˈscrapable)adjective
Word originOld English scrapian; related to Old Norse skrapa, Middle Dutch schrapen, Middle High German schraffen
Examples of ‘scrape’ in a sentence
These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more…
I could easily scrape through to the base metal with my fingernail.
More idioms containing
Related word partners
scrape
scrape - Wiktionary

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scrape – Wiktionary

English[edit]
Etymology[edit]
From Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa (“to scrape, scratch”) and Old English scrapian (“to scrape, scratch”), both from Proto-Germanic *skrapōną, *skrepaną (“to scrape, scratch”), from Proto-Indo-European *skreb- (“to engrave”). Cognate with Dutch schrapen (“to scrape”), schrappen (“to strike through; to cancel; to scrap”), schrabben (“to scratch”), German schrappen (“to scrape”), Danish skrabe (“to scrape”), Icelandic skrapa (“to scrape”), Walloon screper (“to scrape”), Latin scribō (“dig with a pen, draw, write”).
Pronunciation[edit]
enPR: skrāp, IPA(key): /skɹeɪp/
Rhymes: -eɪp
Verb[edit]
scrape (third-person singular simple present scrapes, present participle scraping, simple past and past participle scraped)
(transitive, intransitive) To draw (an object, especially a sharp or angular one), along (something) while exerting pressure.
She scraped the wooden plate with her fingernails.
(transitive) To remove (something) by drawing an object along in this manner.
Scrape the chewing gum off with a knife.
(transitive) To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface.
She tripped on a rock and scraped her knee.
(transitive) To barely manage to achieve.
I scraped a pass in the exam.
(transitive) To collect or gather, especially without regard to the quality of what is chosen.
Just use whatever you can scrape together.
(computing) To extract data by automated means from a format not intended to be machine-readable, such as a screenshot or a formatted web page.
(intransitive) To occupy oneself with getting laboriously.
He scraped and saved until he became rich.
1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:And he shall spend mine honour with his shame, As thriftless sons their scraping fathers’ gold
(transitive, intransitive) To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or similar instrument.
To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
To express disapprobation of (a play, etc. ) or to silence (a speaker) by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; usually with down.
1841, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Warren Hastings
All the various kinds of interest which 80 strongly against the accused, that his friends belong to the near and to the distant, to the were coughed and scraped down.
Synonyms[edit]
(draw an object along while exerting pressure): grate, scratch, drag
(injure by scraping): abrade, chafe, graze
Derived terms[edit]
terms derived from scrape (verb)
Translations[edit]
draw an object along while exerting pressure
Armenian: քերել (hy) (kʿerel)
Bashkir: ҡырыу (qïrïw), ышҡыу (ïšqïw)
Belarusian: скрэ́бці impf (skrébci)
Cebuano: kutkot
Chinese:
Mandarin: 刮 (zh) (guā), 擦 (zh) (cā), 刮削 (zh) (guāxiāo), 削 (zh) (xiāo)
Czech: škrábat impf
Dutch: schrapen (nl)
Esperanto: skrapi
Estonian: kriipima, kraapima, kraapama, kraapsima
Finnish: raaputtaa (fi)
French: gratter (fr)
Galician: ripar, rapar, rafar, raspiñar (gl), eslasar, adoxar, raspar (gl)
German: abkratzen (de), kratzen (de), schaben (de), scharren (de), schrammen (de)
Greek:
Ancient: ξύω (xúō)
Icelandic: skrapa
Italian: grattare (it), graffiare (it)
Japanese: 削る (けずる, kezuru), 擦る (ja) (こする, kosuru)
Korean: 긁다 (ko) (geukda)
Latin: rādō
Malay: kikis
Maori: hākuku, wharowharo
Mongolian: хусах (mn) (khusakh)
Neapolitan: grattà
Old English: scrapian
Polish: skrobać (pl) impf
Portuguese: arranhar (pt), raspar (pt)
Romanian: zgâria (ro)
Russian: скрести́ (ru) impf (skrestí), поскрести́ (ru) pf (poskrestí), цара́пать (ru) impf (carápatʹ), поцара́пать (ru) pf (pocarápatʹ), скря́бать (ru) impf (skrjábatʹ), поскря́бать pf (poskrjábatʹ)
Slovak: škrabať impf
Spanish: raspar (es)
Telugu: గీరు (te) (gīru)
Tetum: koi
Turkish: kazımak (tr)
Ukrainian: скребти́ impf (skrebtý)
Walloon: screper (wa), greter (wa)
ǃXóõ: ǁxàa
cause to be in a certain state by scraping
Czech: škrábat
Estonian: kraapima, kaapima, kaabitsema, kõõpima
Italian: (please verify) grattare (it), (please verify) raschiare (it)
Russian: отскреба́ть (ru) impf (otskrebátʹ), отскрести́ (ru) pf (otskrestí), отскрести́ (ru) pf (otskrestí), соскреба́ть (ru) impf (soskrebátʹ), соскрести́ (ru) pf (soskrestí), скобли́ть (ru) impf (skoblítʹ), отскобли́ть (ru) pf (otskoblítʹ)
injure by scraping
Bashkir: һыҙырыу (hïðïrïw)
Mandarin: 擦傷 (zh), 擦伤 (zh) (cāshāng)
Estonian: kriimustama, kriipima
Finnish: raapia (fi), naarmuttaa (fi)
French: effleurer (fr)
Galician: rabuñarse, aruñarse, esgarnancharse, gaduñarse, caritarse, raspuñarse
Italian: (please verify) graffiare (it), (please verify) sbucciarsi
Portuguese: ralar (pt), esfolar (pt)
Russian: цара́пать (ru) impf (carápatʹ), поцара́пать (ru) pf (pocarápatʹ), оцара́пать (ru) pf (ocarápatʹ)
Sanskrit: रदति (sa) (radati)
Spanish: arañarse (es), rasparse
Walloon: si digreter, si dischaver (wa), si screper (wa)
Noun[edit]
scrape (countable and uncountable, plural scrapes)
A broad, shallow injury left by scraping (rather than a cut or a scratch).
He fell on the sidewalk and got a scrape on his knee.
(slang) A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons.
He got in a scrape with the school bully.
An awkward set of circumstances.
I’m in a bit of a scrape — I’ve no money to buy my wife a birthday present.
2020 December 2, “A life remembered: Stuart Baker”, in Rail, page 61:Stuart made us all laugh – his mischievous stories were told throughout his career and in later days featured some very senior politicians and railway managers. He certainly got into many scrapes over the years.
(Britain, slang) A D and C or abortion; or, a miscarriage.
1972, in U. S. Senate Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Abuse of psychiatry for political repression in the Soviet Union. Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, United States Government Printing Office, page 127,
It’s quite possible, in view of the diagnosis ‘danger of miscarriage’, that they might drag me off, give me a scrape and then say that the miscarriage began itself.
1980, John Cobb, Babyshock: A Mother’s First Five Years, Hutchinson, page 232,
In expert hands abortion nowadays is almost the same as having a scrape (D & C) and due to improved techniques such as suction termination, and improved lighter anaesthetic, most women feel no worse than having a tooth out.
1985, Beverley Raphael, The Anatomy of Bereavement: a handbook for the caring professions, Routledge, →ISBN, page 236,
The loss is significant to the woman and will be stated as such by her. For her it is not “nothing, ” “just a scrape, ” or “not a life. ” It is the beginning of a baby. Years later, she may recall it not just as a miscarriage but also as a baby that was lost.
1999, David Jenkins, Listening to Gynaecological Patients\ Problems, Springer, →ISBN, page 16,
you had a scrape or curettage recently?
A shallow depression used by ground birds as a nest; a nest scrape.
1948, in Behaviour: An International Journal of Comparative Ethology, E. J. Brill, page 103,
We knew from U. Weidmann’s work (1956) that Black-headed Gulls could be prevented from laying by offering them eggs on the empty scrape veil before […]
2000, Charles A. Taylor, The Kingfisher Science Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications, →ISBN, page 85,
The plover lays its eggs in a scrape on the ground. ¶ […] ¶ Birds’ nests can be little more than a scrape in the ground or a delicate structure of plant material, mud, and saliva.
2006, Les Beletsky, Birds of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press, →ISBN, page 95,
Turkey females place their eggs in a shallow scrape in a hidden spot on the ground. Young are born ready to leave the nest and feed themselves (eating insects for their first few weeks).
(military) A shallow pit dug as a hideout.
2014, Harry Turtledove, Hitler’s War
In between rounds, he dug a scrape for himself with his entrenching tool.
(Britain, slang) A shave.
1945, Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire (page 66)
A’m goin to the barber’s for a scrape.
(uncountable, Britain, slang, obsolete) Cheap butter.
(uncountable, Britain, slang, obsolete) Butter laid on bread in the thinnest possible manner, as though laid on and scraped off again.
Quotations[edit]
2001, Carolyn Cooke, The Bostons, Houghton Mifflin Books, →ISBN, page 172–173,
He could hear deer moo in the woods, smell their musk, spot a scrape in a birch tree twenty feet away.
2005, Dragan Vujic, Hunting Farm Country Whitetails, iUniverse, →ISBN, page 58,
Female whitetails periodically investigate scrapes created by specific bucks. As the doe approaches estrus and becomes receptive to breeding, she will urinate in a scrape as a sharp signal to the buck that she is ready for him.
(injury): abrasion, graze
(fight): altercation, brawl, fistfight, fight, fisticuffs, punch-up, scuffle
(awkward set of circumstances): bind, fix, mess, pickle
See also Thesaurus:injury
bread and scrape
fight
Finnish: tappelu (fi)
German: Kampf (de) m, Boxkampf (de) m, Faustkampf (de) m
Italian: rissa (it) f bagarre (it) f
Russian: сты́чка (ru) f (stýčka), дра́ка (ru) f (dráka), потасо́вка (ru) f (potasóvka)
Spanish: pelea (es) f
References[edit]
(a shave; butter): 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary
Anagrams[edit]
CASREP, Casper, Pacers, Scaper, capers, crapes, e-scrap, escarp, pacers, parsec, recaps, scaper, secpar, spacer
Definition of scrape - Merriam-Webster

Definition of scrape – Merriam-Webster

\ ˈskrāp
\
transitive verb
1a: to remove from a surface by usually repeated strokes of an edged instrument
b: to make (a surface) smooth or clean with strokes of an edged instrument or an abrasive
2a: to grate harshly over or against
b: to damage or injure the surface of by contact with a rough surface
c: to draw roughly or noisily over a surface
3: to collect by or as if by scraping
—often used with up or together scrape up the price of a ticket
intransitive verb
1: to move in sliding contact with a rough surface
2: to accumulate money by small economies
3: to draw back the foot along the ground in making a bow
4: to make one’s way with difficulty: barely manage or succeed
just scraped through at school working two jobs and barely scraping by
1a: the act or process of scraping
b: a sound made by scraping
c: a mark or injury caused by scraping: abrasion
bumps and scrapes
2a: the nest of a bird consisting of a usually shallow depression in the ground
b: a cleared area on the forest floor made by a male deer during breeding season to attract a doe
3: a bow made with a drawing back of the foot along the ground
4a: a distressing encounter
a scrape with death

Frequently Asked Questions about define scrape

What is a scrape in England?

scrape in British English (skreɪp ) verb. to move (a rough or sharp object) across (a surface), esp to smooth or clean. 2. ( tr; often foll by away or off)

What is scrape slang for?

(slang) A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons. He got in a scrape with the school bully.

What is a scrape definition?

(Entry 1 of 2) transitive verb. 1a : to remove from a surface by usually repeated strokes of an edged instrument. b : to make (a surface) smooth or clean with strokes of an edged instrument or an abrasive.

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