Tutorial Xml Parser

T

XML Parser - W3Schools

XML Parser – W3Schools

All major browsers have a built-in XML parser to access and manipulate XML.
XML Parser
The XML DOM (Document Object Model) defines the properties and methods for accessing
and editing XML.
However, before an XML document can be accessed, it must be
loaded into an XML DOM object.
All modern browsers have a built-in XML parser that can convert text into an XML DOM object.
Parsing a Text String
This example parses a text string into an XML DOM object, and
extracts the info from it with JavaScript:
Example


Try it Yourself »
Example Explained
A text string is defined:
An XML DOM parser is created:
The parser creates a new XML DOM object using the text string:
Old Versions of Internet Explorer
Old versions of Internet Explorer (IE5, IE6, IE7, IE8) do not support the DOMParser object.
To handle older versions of Internet Explorer,
check if the browser supports the DOMParser object, or else create an ActiveXObject:
if (MParser) { // code for modern browsers
xmlDoc = rseFromString(text, “text/xml”);}
else {
// code for old IE browsersxmlDoc = new ActiveXObject(“”);
= false;
xmlDoc. loadXML(text);}
The XMLHttpRequest Object
The XMLHttpRequest Object has a built in XML
Parser.
The responseText property returns the response as a string.
The responseXML property returns the response as an XML DOM object.
If you want to use the response as an XML DOM object, you can use the responseXML
property.
Request the file and
use the response as an XML DOM object:
xmlDoc = sponseXML;
txt = “”;
x = tElementsByTagName(“ARTIST”);
for (i = 0; i <; i++) { txt += x[i]. nodeValue + "
“;}
tElementById(“demo”). innerHTML = txt;
Try it Yourself »
XML - Parsers - Tutorialspoint

XML – Parsers – Tutorialspoint

XML parser is a software library or a package that provides interface for client applications to work with XML documents. It checks for proper format of the XML document and may also validate the XML documents. Modern day browsers have built-in XML parsers.
Following diagram shows how XML parser interacts with XML document −
The goal of a parser is to transform XML into a readable code.
To ease the process of parsing, some commercial products are available that facilitate the breakdown of XML document and yield more reliable results.
Some commonly used parsers are listed below −
MSXML (Microsoft Core XML Services) − This is a standard set of XML tools from Microsoft that includes a parser.
− This class is part of library, which contains a number of different classes related to working with XML.
Java built-in parser − The Java library has its own parser. The library is designed such that you can replace the built-in parser with an external implementation such as Xerces from Apache or Saxon.
Saxon − Saxon offers tools for parsing, transforming, and querying XML.
Xerces − Xerces is implemented in Java and is developed by the famous open source Apache Software Foundation.
Python XML Parser Tutorial | ElementTree and Minidom Parsing

Python XML Parser Tutorial | ElementTree and Minidom Parsing

We often require to parse data written in different languages. Python provides numerous libraries to parse or split data written in other languages. In this Python XML Parser Tutorial, you will learn how to parse XML using are all the topics that are covered in this tutorial:What is XML? Python XML Parsing Modules Module Using parse() function Using fromstring() function Finding Elements of Interest Modifying XML files Adding to XML Deleting from Module Using parse() function Using fromString() function Finding Elements of InterestSo let’s get started. :)What is XML? XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. It is similar to HTML in its appearance but, XML is used for data presentation, while HTML is used to define what data is being used. XML is exclusively designed to send and receive data back and forth between clients and servers. Take a look at the following example:EXAMPLE:


Idly $2. 5
Two idly’s with chutney

553

Paper Dosa $2. 7 Plain paper dosa with chutney
700
Upma $3. 65 Rava upma with bajji
600
Bisi Bele Bath $4. 50 Bisi Bele Bath with sev
400
Kesari Bath $1. 95 Sweet rava with saffron
950

The above example shows the contents of a file which I have named as ‘’ and I will be using the same in this Python XML parser tutorial for all the upcoming XML Parsing ModulesPython allows parsing these XML documents using two modules namely, the module and Minidom (Minimal DOM Implementation). Parsing means to read information from a file and split it into pieces by identifying parts of that particular XML file. Let’s move on further to see how we can use these modules to parse XML Module:This module helps us format XML data in a tree structure which is the most natural representation of hierarchical data. Element type allows storage of hierarchical data structures in memory and has the following properties:PropertyDescriptionTagIt is a string representing the type of data being storedAttributesConsists of a number of attributes stored as dictionariesText StringA text string having information that needs to be displayedTail StringCan also have tail strings if necessaryChild ElementsConsists of a number of child elements stored as sequencesElementTree is a class that wraps the element structure and allows conversion to and from XML. Let us now try to parse the above XML file using python are two ways to parse the file using ‘ElementTree’ module. The first is by using the parse() function and the second is fromstring() function. The parse () function parses XML document which is supplied as a file whereas, fromstring parses XML when supplied as a string i. e within triple parse() function:As mentioned earlier, this function takes XML in file format to parse it. Take a look at the following example:EXAMPLE:import as ET
mytree = (”)
myroot = troot()As you can see, The first thing you will need to do is to import the module. Then, the parse() method parses the ‘’ file. The getroot() method returns the root element of ‘’ you execute the above code, you will not see outputs returned but there will be no errors indicating that the code has executed successfully. To check for the root element, you can simply use the print statement as follows:EXAMPLE:import as ET
myroot = troot()
print(myroot)OUTPUT: The above output indicates that the root element in our XML document is ‘metadata’ fromstring() function:You can also use fromstring() function to parse your string data. In case you want to do this, pass your XML as a string within triple quotes as follows:import as ET
data=”’
”’
myroot = omstring(data)
#print(myroot)
print()The above code will return the same output as the previous one. Please note that the XML document used as a string is just one part of ‘’ which I have used for better visibility. You can use the complete XML document as can also retrieve the root tag by using the ‘tag’ object as follows:EXAMPLE:print()OUTPUT: metadataYou can also slice the tag string output by just specifying which part of the string you want to see in your output. EXAMPLE:print([0:4]) OUTPUT: metaAs mentioned earlier, tags can have dictionary attributes as well. To check if the root tag has any attributes you can use the ‘attrib’ object as follows: EXAMPLE:print()OUTPUT: {}As you can see, the output is an empty dictionary because our root tag has no nding Elements of Interest:The root consists of child tags as well. To retrieve the child of the root tag, you can use the following:EXAMPLE:print(myroot[0])OUTPUT: foodNow, if you want to retrieve all first-child tags of the root, you can iterate over it using the for loop as follows:EXAMPLE:for x in myroot[0]:
print(, )OUTPUT:item {‘name’: ‘breakfast’} price {} description {} calories {}All the items returned are the child attributes and tags of separate out the text from XML using ElementTree, you can make use of the text attribute. For example, in case I want to retrieve all the information about the first food item, I should use the following piece of code:EXAMPLE:for x in myroot[0]:
print()OUTPUT:Idly $2. 5 Two idly’s with chutney 553As you can see, the text information of the first item has been returned as the output. Now if you want to display all the items with their particular price, you can make use of the get() method. This method accesses the element’s attributes. EXAMPLE:for x in ndall(‘food’):
item (‘item’)
price = (‘price’)
print(item, price)OUTPUT:Idly $2. 5 Paper Dosa $2. 7 Upma $3. 65 Bisi Bele Bath $4. 50 Kesari Bath $1. 95The above output shows all the required items along with the price of each of them. Using ElementTree, you can also modify the XML difying XML files:The elements present your XML file can be manipulated. To do this, you can use the set() function. Let us first take a look at how to add something to to XML:The following example shows how you can add something to the description of items. EXAMPLE:for description in (‘description’):
new_desc = str()+’wil be served’
= str(new_desc)
(‘updated’, ‘yes’)
(”)The write() function helps create a new xml file and writes the updated output to the same. However, you can modify the original file as well, using the same function. After executing the above code, you will be able to see a new file has been created with the updated above image shows the modified description of our food items. To add a new subtag, you can make use of the SubElement() method. For example, if you want to add a new specialty tag to the first item Idly, you can do as bElement(myroot[0], ‘speciality’)
for x in (‘speciality’):
new_desc = ‘South Indian Special’
(”)OUTPUT:As you can see, a new tag has been added under the first food tag. You can add tags wherever you want by specifying the subscript within [] brackets. Now let us take a look at how to delete items using this leting from XML:To delete attributes or sub-elements using ElementTree, you can make use of the pop() method. This method will remove the desired attribute or element that is not needed by the user. EXAMPLE:myroot[0][0](‘name’, None)
# create a new XML file with the results
(”)OUTPUT:The above image shows that the name attribute has been removed from the item tag. To remove the complete tag, you can use the same pop() method as follows:EXAMPLE:myroot[0](myroot[0][0])
(”)OUTPUT:The output shows that the first subelement of the food tag has been deleted. In case you want to delete all tags, you can make use of the clear() function as follows:EXAMPLE:myroot[0]()
(”)OUTPUT:When the above code is executed, the first child of food tag will be completely deleted including all the subtags. Till here we have been making use of the module in this Python XML parser tutorial. Now let us take a look at how to parse XML using Module:This module is basically used by people who are proficient with DOM (Document Object module). DOM applications often start by parsing XML into DOM. in, this can be achieved in the following ways:Using the parse() function:The first method is to make use of the parse() function by supplying the XML file to be parsed as a parameter. For example:EXAMPLE:from import minidom
p1 = (“”);Once you execute this, you will be able to split the XML file and fetch the required data. You can also parse an open file using this function. EXAMPLE_dat=open(”)
(dat)The variable storing the opened file is supplied as a parameter to the parse function in this parseString() Method:This method is used when you want to supply the XML to be parsed as a string. EXAMPLE:p3 = rseString(‘Using parseString‘)You can parse XML using any of the above methods. Now let us try to fetch data using this nding Elements of Interest:After my file has been parsed, if I try to print it, the output that is returned displays a message that the variable storing the parsed data is an object of (”)
print(dat)OUTPUT:< object at 0x03B5A308>Accessing Elements using GetElementByTagName:EXAMPLE:tagname= tElementsByTagName(‘item’)[0]
print(tagname)If I try to fetch the first element using the GetElementByTagName method, I will see the following output:OUTPUT:Please note that just one output has been returned because I have used [0] subscript for convenience which will be removed in the further access the value of the attributes, I will have to make use of the value attribute as follows:EXAMPLE:dat = (”)
tagname= tElementsByTagName(‘item’)
print(tagname[0]. attributes[‘name’])OUTPUT: breakfastTo retrieve the data present in these tags, you can make use of the data attribute as follows:EXAMPLE:print(tagname[1]. )OUTPUT: Paper DosaYou can also split and retrieve the value of the attributes using the value attribute. EXAMPLE:print(items[1]. attributes[‘name’])OUTPUT: breakfastTo print out all the items available in our menu, you can loop through the items and return all the items. EXAMPLE:for x in items:
print(x. )OUTPUT:Idly Paper Dosa Upma Bisi Bele Bath Kesari BathTo calculate the number of items on our menu, you can make use of the len() function as follows:EXAMPLE:print(len(items))OUTPUT: 5The output specifies that our menu consists of 5 brings us to the end of this Python XML Parser Tutorial. I hope you have understood everything sure you practice as much as possible and revert your experience. Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section of this “Python XML Parser Tutorial” blog and we will get back to you as soon as get in-depth knowledge on Python along with its various applications, you can enroll for live Python online training with 24/7 support and lifetime access.

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