The Ultimate Guide to the Python Requests Library in 2023

by Ethan Reynolds

Python has a lot of modules and one of them is called “Requests”. It makes sending HTTP requests much simpler than using the standard “urllib”, “urllib2” and “urllib3” packages which can be pretty confusing and look like lots of work. So, when you need to send an HTTP request to a certain destination, Requests in Python will make it super easy!

Learning how to send requests in Python is an important part of becoming a better developer. In this Python requests tutorial, we’ll help you get an understanding of the basics and even some more advanced uses. We’ll also give you some examples so you can see it in action! Also, if you’re interested to know how Proxywatcher’s proxies work with requests, check out this page.

Send internet requests and scrape websites effortlessly with the Requests module!

The Requests module is a powerful tool for Python. It’s used to make requests on the internet and interact with web services, plus scrape websites and do other online tasks.

It has an easy-to-use interface so sending HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) requests is made easier. It also recognizes different kinds of requests like GET, PUT, DELETE, HEAD, OPTIONS, and PATCH.

Make Python Simple

The Python Requests Module is an awesome library that’s super simple to use and understand. Other standard python libraries are tricky to work with, hard to figure out, and require a lot of extra lines of code to do the same thing. Look at these examples – with Urllib3 you need lots of code, but with Requests it’s much simpler! Not only does it take fewer steps, it’s really easy for anyone to read, even if they don’t know programming very well.

Requests is much better than any other library available on Python. This is because the developers have thought about a few rules while building it:

1. It should look good.

2. It should be clear and not confusing when used.

3. It should be simple to use, without too many steps or instructions.

4. Complex when needed, but not unnecessarily complicated or hard to figure out.

5. Easy to read and understand, like a book!

If you want to help create new things in the Python request module, there’s five principles that your project must follow.

Install Requests Instantly

Requests is not part of the Python Standard Library, so it needs to be downloaded and installed. It’s really easy – you can get Requests by using the terminal from any coding program like PyCharm. Then, before you use Requests in a project, remember to import it first!

HTTP Response Codes

GET is the most popular kind of HTTP request. It’s like asking for something from a specific website – like asking your mom to pick up dinner from the store. In order to make this request, you need Python’s requests.get() function and add in the URL of the website you want information from – for example

When we use Python requests, it will send a message back to us. This message is “200 Response”. It means that our request was successful! To view the response, we can create an object and print out what it says (object.status_code). There are different numbers for different types of responses – 200 stands for ‘OK’.

– If the server doesn’t understand a request from a client, it sends an “HTTP 400 Bad Request” message. This usually means that the request has some errors like wrong syntax or incorrect information format.

– When the request needs correct credentials in order to be processed, the server sends an “HTTP 401 Unauthorized” message.

– 403 – ‘Forbidden’ means that the server got your request, but won’t give you what you asked for. If you had an account and put in your credentials, then it could also mean that your account doesn’t have permission to access the content.

– 404 – ‘Not found’ means that the server couldn’t find anything like what you requested. Sometimes, when a server doesn’t want anyone to know why they’re not giving out something, they’ll tell you ‘404’ instead of ‘403.’

– 429 – This error code is difficult to explain. It means that the client (you) are sending too many requests to the server in a short amount of time. The server then temporarily blocks any more requests from you, until further notice. How can we handle this error? We could do something like this:

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