Best Ethical Hacking Projects in 2021 | upGrad blog
Ethical Hacking Projects refer to the different tools and concepts that are used in an ethical hacking activity. Development of tools is created dependent on prerequisites, with open source frameworks like Python, Nmap, hping, etc.
A Proper lab is an arrangement for testing and verification of the working of the tools. A few projects in our list are research-based studies, where a detailed explanation is provided on specific concepts and methodologies.
The following list displays the current innovative, ethical hacking projects that’ll help you develop a first-hand experience in Ethical hacking:
1. Invoker2. Hackdroid3. H4cker4. Packet Sniffer5. Capsulecorp Pentest6. Hrshell7. LockphishOnline Course on Cybersecurity & Ethical HackingMinimum EligibilityTopics That are CoveredWho Is This Course For? Job OpportunitiesConclusion
Invoker is a utility that tests penetration. This ethical hacking project used when access to some Windows OS features through GUI is restricted. A few features require administrative privileges.
To work on this ethical hacking project, one must start by invoking the command prompt and PowerShell, then download a file and add a registry key. After the registration process is complete, you can schedule the task. Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) can connect to a remote host.
After that, you can end a running process and run a new process while dumping the process memory and injecting bytecode into the running process along with a DLL. Further, you can list the DLLs of the running process and proceed with the hook procedure instalment. This will enable access to token privileges and make it possible to duplicate an access token of a running process. You can list unquoted service paths, and it will restart the running service and replace Sticky Keys.
Hackdroid is a collection of pen testing and security-related apps for android. It divides the applications into different categories to easily download any application from any category and use them for penetration testing and ethical hacking.
Several applications will require root permissions for that. Instaling Magisk will be helpful to root the device and if not that, rooting the device is also possible by searching on google or XDA forum about how you can root your device. You mustn’t use your primary device for hacking because it’s likely that the creators of the application or those who changed it have already put malware on it to steal peoples’ private data.
H4cker includes thousands of resources related to ethical hacking/penetration testing, digital forensics and incident response (DFIR), vulnerability research, reverse engineering, and more. This GitHub vault was created to give supplemental material to several books, video courses, and live training created by Omar Santos and other co-authors. It provides over 7, 000 references, scripts, tools, code, and other resources that help offensive and defensive security professionals learn and develop new skills.
It provides direction on creating one’s custom hacking environment, learning about offensive security (ethical hacking) techniques, vulnerability research, malware analysis, threat intelligence, threat hunting, digital forensics, and incident response (DFIR). It also includes examples of real-life penetration testing reports.
4. Packet Sniffer
Packet Sniffer is a simple pure-Python network. In this ethical hacking project, the Packets are disassembled as they arrive at a given network interface controller, and information they contain is displayed on the screen. This application is independent and doesn’t need to depend on third-party modules, and can be run by any Python 3. x interpreter. In this ethical hacking project, the contained code is used either in part or in its totality, for engaging targets with no prior mutual consent is illegal. The responsibility to be all applicable to local, state, and federal laws is on the end-user.
The use of code is endorsed only by the creators in those circumstances directly related to educational environments or allowed penetration testing engagements that declare the goal, that is of finding and mitigating vulnerabilities in systems, limitation of their exposure to compromises and exploits employed by malicious agents as defined in their respective threat models.
Developers presume that they have no liability and that they are not responsible for misuses or damages caused by any code contained in this ethical hacking project that, accidentally or otherwise, it comes to be used by a threat agent or unauthorised entity to compromise the security, and their associated resources by leveraging the exploitation of both known or unknown vulnerabilities present in said systems, including, but not limited to, the implementation of security controls, human- or electronically enabled.
5. Capsulecorp Pentest
The Capsulecorp Pentest is a small virtual network maintained by Vagrant and Ansible. It incorporates five virtual machines, including one Linux attacking system running Xubuntu and 4 Windows 2019 servers configured with various other vulnerable services. You can use it as a standalone environment for learning network penetration testing.
Setting up a virtual network and learning penetration testing can be tiresome tasks and time and resource-draining. But in this ethical hacking project, things are done for the user already. After getting Vagrant, Ansible and VirtualBox installed on the machine, the user can run a couple of vagrant commands to have a completely functioning, Active Directory domain that you can use for hacking, learning, pentesting etc.
HRShell is an HTTPS/HTTP reverse shell built with a flask. It is an advanced C2 server with many features & capabilities. It is also compatible with python 3. x.
It is a stealthy ethical hacking project with TLS support. The Shellcode can be set or changed on the fly from the server. You must check the client’s proxy support, directory navigation (cd command and variants), and interactive history commands available on Unix systems. One may need to download, upload, screenshot, and hex the available commands. It also supports pipelining and chained commands and non-interactive commands like gdb, top, etc.
The server is capable of both HTTP and HTTPS. It is available with two built-in servers named: flask built-in and tornado-WSGI. Also, it is compatible with other production servers like gunicorn and Nginx. Since most of its functionality comes from the server’s endpoint-design, it is effortless to write to a client in any other language, e. g. Java, GO, etc.
Lockphish is the first-ever tool for phishing attacks on the lock screen, which is designed to grab windows credentials, android and iPhone passcodes using an HTTPS link. It is a lock screen phishing page for Windows, Android and iOS. Also, it doubles up as an auto-detect device. The port forwarding is guided by Ngrok and includes an IP Tracker.
This ethical hacking project idea is illegal. The usage of Lockphish for attacking targets without prior mutual consent is illegal. The responsibility falls on the end-users to obey all applicable local, state and federal laws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by this program.
While these are only a handful of ethical hacking projects that you could try, the best way to master ethical hacking is to enrol in a professional course. Since certification programs and professional courses are defined per industry standards, they enable learners to gain theoretical and practical knowledge of a domain.
Online Course on Cybersecurity & Ethical Hacking
Having the necessary theoretical knowledge is vital in this field of work, but it is the implementation, and coming up with ethical hacking project ideas is an entirely different ballgame. It is necessary to prepare oneself with more refined skills to excel in this field.
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IT and Technology Professionals, Project Leads and Managers in IT/Tech Companies, Tech Support Engineers and Admins.
Cyber Security Expert, Cyber Security Engineer, Software Developer, Cybersecurity Analyst, Application Security Engineer, Network Security Engineer.
As the demand for cybersecurity continues to skyrocket, the scope for ethical hacking is bound to increase. In such a scenario, it is wise to acquire industry-relevant skills such as ethical hacking. By working on ethical hacking projects like the ones mentioned above, you can sharpen your real-world skills and enter the job market as a skilled, ethical hacking expert.
If you want to pursue this profession, upGrad and IIIT-B can help you with a Executive PG Program in Software Development Specialization in Cyber Security. The course offers specialization in application security, cryptography, data secrecy, and network security.
We hope this was helpful!
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Latest Projects based on Ethical hacking – Skyfi Labs
The following projects are based on Ethical hacking. This list shows the latest innovative projects which can be built by students to develop hands-on experience in areas related to/ using Ethical hacking.
1. Ethical Hacking & Penetration Testing
Worldwide, 78% of businesses face cyber threats every year, and as we are driving towards an era with huge data generation, it becomes a vital job to protect them as well. That’s where ethical hackers come into the picture.
Helping companies, in finding out vulnerabilities and possible security leaks of their computer systems, and also to protect them from any potential threat.
The requirement for such a skill pays off as well, an average ethical hacker earns at least twice as a software developer.
You can build this project at home. You can build the project using online tutorials developed by experts.
1-1 support in case of any doubts. 100% output guaranteed. Get certificate on completing.
2. Simple Phishing attack
If you are from a computer science background, you might have come across this phrase “phishing”. Phishing is an act of acquiring information such as bank card details, username, passwords, etc. from an individual illegally. In this ethical hacking project, we will create a phishing page of Facebook to acquire the username and login credentials of the victim. This project is for educational purpose only don’t misuse.
Following are the target areas where the phishing attack is performed – social networking sites, online payment sites, banking sites, online shopping sites, etc. This phishing technique is carried by sending a link to the victim via email or messaging applications.
3. Performing Man-In-The-Middle (MITM) attack using dSploit
Hacking someone’s Wi-Fi and sniffing their tasks is actually a cool thing to do but also it is illegal. Wireless networks are available to anyone within the routers broadcast area which makes it vulnerable for attacks. In this ethical hacking project, we are going to simulate a man-in-the-middle attack in a friendly network using dSploit android application. This project is for learning purpose only. Perform this simulation on your own Wi-Fi network
4. Password cracker using Python Ethical hacking project
In recent years ethical hacking has gained huge popularity because of its wide applications. It is used by many organizations to prevent their site from hackers. Before discussing ethical hacking first you need to understand what is hacking.
Hacking is the process of performing malicious activities in a device by gaining unauthorized access using the vulnerabilities found in the system. The malicious activities such as deleting a system file or stealing sensitive information. Mostly hacking is performed illegally without taking permission from the user.
Now, will discuss what is ethical hacking. It is the process of finding the vulnerabilities in a system or device by performing various attacks to resolve those vulnerabilities. Ethical hacking is legal and it is performed after taking permission from the user.
In this ethical hacking project, we are going to use python to create a password cracker which uses a dictionary attack to crack passwords.
Passwords are always hashed before storing in the database and the hash is compared for verification purpose.
5. No Rate Limit Attack (OTP Bypassing)
Newbie to ethical hacking wanna try on Bypassing the OTP. Then you choose the right project. In this article, I will tell you to bypass OTP with no rate limit attack,
What is no rate limit attack? In no rate limit, we pass many requests to the server or we can say brute force attack of OTP until the right OTP strikes the server is called no rate limit attack.
Build projects on latest technologies
Want to develop practical skills on latest technologies? Checkout our latest projects and start learning for free
6. Using Burp Suite for OTP Bypassing
Ethical hacking is fun but under limits. One of the things every hacker tries is OTP Bypassing. There are different ways from which we easily bypass the login credentials with the help of OTP bypassing.
What is OTP:
OTP stands for a one time password which is used to login in a registered account. it provides a mechanism to login into a network for a single session only.
The OTP SMS gateway provider is more connected than the static PIN or password code, especially the PIN or password code generated by the user, which is usually weak. OTPs can restore verification sign-in details or add to it a different kind of strict security.
In this ethical hacking project, I will explain the whole process to bypass OTP using Burp-Suite.
7. Hack a Windows Computer By Using a Simple Payload – Ethical hacking project
Can windows be hacked? The answer is yes. There are many methods by which windows can be hacked! One of them is the payload method. In this ethical hacking project, you will learn to hack windows using the payload method.
# Kali Linux
8. Assessing WiFi Security using Airodump-ng and Aircrack-ng
Nowadays it is very important to secure our data from many of the cyber attacks. Cyber Security is the field in which you will learn about cyber attacks and how to prevent such attacks. The information provided in this article is only for educational purposes. It should not be used for illegal activities. The information only deals with how you can secure your WiFi with a strong password. Skyfi Labs always helps you to learn more and more technologies. Stay tuned with us for more information.
9. Wireless Pentesting Ethical hacking project
Wireless technology is here and it is going to stay. Knowing the risks and vulnerabilities involved in wireless technology will help you to secure your network. In this ethical hacking project, we are going to examine the wireless network using a wireless penetration test. This project is for an educational purpose to never try to breach other wireless networks in real life.
What is wireless penetration testing?
It is an authorised exploitation method where ethical hackers perform an attack to detect the vulnerabilities in a wireless network and identify the misconfigured access points and weak security protocols.
10. Web Application Pentesting
In this modern world, around 78% of businesses are facing cybersecurity threats every year. It is always the sole responsibility of cybersecurity professionals to protect the data or network from the security breach. Professionals carry out the various processes to identify the vulnerabilities in a network. One such process is Penetration Testing. It is also known as the Pen Test which is performed by ethical hackers in a system externally or internally to identify the vulnerabilities.
Web Application Pentesting involves breaching of a different number of application systems such as APIs, servers(frontend and backend) to identify and solve the vulnerabilities.
Latest Projects based on Ethical hacking
What is Ethical Hacking? Everything You Need to Know … – Springboard
While hacking is ordinarily considered an illegal activity, ethical hacking involves companies hiring highly trained cybersecurity experts for the express purpose of infiltrating their computer networks, systems and web applications. The logic behind these simulated cyberattacks is that they enable organizations to preemptively uncover vulnerabilities, anticipate the antics of cybercriminals and create disaster recovery plans based on “real-world” conditions.
Upon discovering a vulnerability, such as missing data encryption or cross-site scripting, these “white hat” hackers must document them and provide the organization with advice on remediation. A “black hat” hacker, on the other hand, is an unauthorized intruder who seeks to extract information or compromise a system.
“Ethical hacking starts with curiosity first, ” said Anand Mohabir, founder and CEO of Elteni, a cybersecurity consulting firm. “If you’re a curious person by nature and if you like breaking things and fixing them from a technical perspective, then it’s probably for you. ”
Even though these benign hackers are contracted by companies to perform penetration tests, becoming a Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) doesn’t give one license to run amok. An ethical hack is carefully planned out, where the hacker enters into a legal agreement with the company stipulating what systems and applications they’re allowed to compromise, start and end times for the simulated cyberattack, the scope of work and protections for potential liability issues.
“We need to make sure that we have a legal basis to do these things and protect ourselves from legal recourse, ” Mohabir explained. “So it is a very formal process when it comes to contracting these ethical hacking exercises. ”
What are the benefits of ethical hacking?
There are three main benefits to ethical hacking.
Finding vulnerabilities—Determining which security measures are effective, which ones need to be updated, and which ones contain vulnerabilities that can be exploited. Demonstrating methods used by cybercriminals—Showing executives the hacking techniques that malicious actors might use to attack their systems. Preparing for a cyberattack—Anticipating cyberattacks and buttressing weak spots in the organization’s cybersecurity infrastructure.
How does ethical hacking work?
Penetration testing is a form of ethical hacking that involves attempting to breach application systems, APIs, front-end/back-end servers, operating systems and more. Ethical hackers perform a range of penetration tests to determine an organization’s cybersecurity readiness, including internal testing, external testing and web application testing.
External tests are the most common type and involve someone outside of the organization attempting to infiltrate security systems. Misconfigured firewalls or vulnerabilities in third-party applications are commonplace vulnerabilities, and can cost an organization millions of dollars in financial and reputational damage. For example, an email server must be configured to stop employees from sending confidential documents to domains outside of the organization and require employees to protect their corporate email accounts with a strong password policy.
On the other hand, internal tests are designed to find weaknesses within the organization. In fact, employees represent the weakest link in cybersecurity as they are prone to social engineering—any type of psychological manipulation that induces people to divulge sensitive information. In 2020, almost a third of security breaches incorporated social engineering techniques, 90% of which were phishing attacks. Worse still, a report by Cisco found that spear phishing attacks account for 95% of breaches in enterprise networks. While phishing generally involves indiscriminately sending mass emails or text messages containing malicious URLs that download malware onto the victim’s device, spear phishing constitutes a targeted approach aimed at a specific individual, such as a C-level executive.
“People are creatures of habit, they reuse passwords, and they’re not very good at detecting social engineering attempts, ” said Mohabir. “What we know is people generally trust other people, so we look to exploit that when we’re doing these types of tests. ”
Ethical hackers need to get creative when it comes to ferreting out people-related vulnerabilities. For example, they can leave a mysteriously labeled USB drive on an employee’s desk to see if they’ll plug it into their computer, bait an employee over the phone into revealing customer information, or “even impersonate a pizza delivery guy and walk into somebody’s office. ” In fact, dumpster diving is an important part of safeguarding an organization from a potential data breach. When improperly disposed of, trash from a business can contain hard drives, USB drives or hand-shredded checks that reveal confidential information.
Often, ethical hackers will help organizations put technical safeguards in place to mitigate the potential damages of social engineering, such as a data loss prevention (DLP) solution or strict policies around firewalls and web filtering. Employees also need to be trained to understand what cyber threats they might encounter and how to recognize social engineering.
The third type of penetration testing, known as web application testing, entails checking a website for potential bugs. This is a commonplace procedure in the software development life cycle before the site goes live. Specifically, web testing checks for non-functional requirements such as availability, reliability, security, performance and more, all of which can be compromised in the event of a cyberattack.
Some techniques that ethical hackers use to probe a system include the following:
Scanning ports to find vulnerabilities using port scanning tools such as Nmap, Nessus or Wireshark to scan a company’s systems, identify open ports, study the vulnerabilities of each port and take remedial action. (A port is a communication endpoint that is associated with a specific process or service. Ports allow computers to differentiate between different kinds of traffic. ) Examining patch installation processes to be sure they don’t introduce new vulnerabilities through software updatesAttempting to evade intrusion detection systems, honeypots and firewallsPerforming network traffic analysis and sniffing using appropriate toolsSocial engineering to manipulate end users and obtain information about an organization’s computing environment
How to get started in ethical hacking: bug bounty programs
Cyberattacks are so costly—IBM estimates that a single data breach costs a business $3. 86 million on average—that some companies offer a financial reward to independent security researchers to find and report bugs back to the organization. These bugs are security exploits and vulnerabilities, but can also include process issues and hardware flaws. Bug bounty programs can be private (invite-only) or public (anyone can sign up). Major companies including Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Snapchat, Dropbox and more offer bug bounty programs. Most companies offer a minimum and maximum payout—Microsoft, for instance, pays a minimum of $15, 000 for finding critical bugs, with rewards topping out at $250, 000. However, bug bounty hacking is far from a get-rich-quick scheme. Breaking into a computer system is time-consuming and requires a great deal of advanced research into how operating systems and applications work, learning more about an organization’s technology stack, and developing and testing exploits.
“Ethical hackers spend a lot more time doing research than hacking, ” said Mohabir. “The reason for that is we’re trying to develop a way into the client’s environment and that involves understanding how they operate, what systems they have, whether those systems are vulnerable to attacks and what kinds of exploits we can develop. ”
While there is no formal education pathway towards becoming an ethical hacker, many start by obtaining a computer science degree or taking a course in cybersecurity, such as Springboard’s Cyber Security Career Track. Experience in network support, network engineering and information security are helpful to have before you obtain your Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) certification from the International Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants.
“There’s a lot that comes into play when you’re trying to become an ethical hacker. You have to know how a network is designed and operated, how servers interact, how virtual machines, storage and firewalls work, ” said Mohabir. “The reality is you at least have to know how systems interoperate so that you can reverse engineer them to find vulnerabilities and exploit them. ”
Is cybersecurity the right career for you?
According to Cybersecurity Ventures, the cybersecurity industry is expected to have 3. 5 million high-paying, unfilled jobs this year. With Springboard’s comprehensive Cyber Security Career Track, you’ll work 1:1 with an industry-mentor to learn key aspects of information technology, security software, security auditing, and finding and fixing malicious code. Learning units include subject-expert approved resources, application-based mini-projects, hands-on labs, and career-search related coursework.
The course will culminate in a multi-part capstone project that you can highlight on your resume for prospective employers or use to demonstrate your technical knowledge in your job interview. The learning materials will also help prepare you to pass the globally-recognized CompTIA Security+ certification so you stand out when applying for cybersecurity roles.
Learn more about Springboard’s Cyber Security Career Track here.
Frequently Asked Questions about ethical hacking projects
What is ethical hacking examples?
Attempting to evade intrusion detection systems, honeypots and firewalls. Performing network traffic analysis and sniffing using appropriate tools. Social engineering to manipulate end users and obtain information about an organization’s computing environment.Apr 12, 2021
What topics does ethical hacking cover?
What is Ethical Hacking?Injection attacks.Changes in security settings.Exposure of sensitive data.Breach in authentication protocols.Components used in the system or network that may be used as access points.Sep 13, 2021
Is ethical hacking legal?
Ethical hacking is completely legal and is one of the highest paid, fastest growing professions in information technology today. Often, an ethical hacker would work as an employee in an organization, a security firm or as an independent security consultant.