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How the Windows Update client determines which proxy ...

How the Windows Update client determines which proxy …

INTRODUCTION
The Microsoft Windows Update client program requires Microsoft Windows HTTP Services (WinHTTP) to scan for available updates. Additionally, the Windows Update client uses the Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) to download these updates. Microsoft Windows HTTP Services and BITS run independently of Microsoft Internet Explorer. Both these services must be able to detect the proxy server or proxy servers that are available in your particular environment. This article describes the various proxy server detection methods that are available. Additionally, this article describes the situations where Windows Update uses a particular proxy server detection method.
More Information
The Automatic Updates service is configured to download and install updates from the Microsoft Windows Update Web site
The Automatic Updates service can automatically download and install updates from the Windows Update Web site. The Automatic Updates service does not require user interaction because this service runs in the context of the Local System account. The Automatic Updates service does not have access to the user-specific proxy server settings that may be configured in Internet Explorer. WinHTTP has been employed, instead of WinInet in Internet Explorer, as the Automatic Updates service affects system wide level configuration and should require administrator level control. WinHTTP is considered as more appropriate in this type of usage scenario. The Automatic Updates service can only discover a proxy server by using one of the following methods:
The proxy server is manually configured by using the tool for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. For Windows Vista and newer OS, Netsh command is available to manually configure the proxy server. For more information about how to use the tool, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
289481 You may need to run the Proxycfg tool for ServerXMLHTTP to work
Web Proxy Auto Detect (WPAD) settings are configured in either of the following locations in the network environment:
The Domain Name System (DNS) options
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) options
For more information about a related topic, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
816320 How to configure firewall and Web proxy client Autodiscovery in Windows Server 2003
Internet Explorer is used to access the Windows Update Web site
If you use Internet Explorer to access the Windows Update Web site, the Windows Update client program discovers a proxy server by using the following methods in the order that they appear in.
Method 1: Internet Explorer is configured to automatically detect settings
If the Automatically detect settings check box is selected in Internet Explorer, the Windows Update client uses the WPAD feature to locate a proxy server. To view the Automatically detect settings check box, follow these steps:
Start Internet Explorer.
On the Tools menu, click Internet Options.
Click the Connections tab.
If you connect to the Internet by using a proxy server on the local area network, click LAN Settings. If you connect to the Internet by using a proxy server for a dial-up connection or a VPN connection, click that connection, and then click Settings.
Method 2: Internet Explorer is configured to use an automatic configuration script
If the following conditions are true, the Windows Update client locates the proxy server by processing the automatic configuration script:
Internet Explorer cannot discover the proxy server by using Method 1.
The Use automatic configuration script check box is selected in Internet Explorer.
To view the Use automatic configuration script check box, follow these steps:
If you connect to the Internet by using a proxy server on the local area network, click LAN Settings. If you connect to the Internet by using a proxy server for a dial-up or VPN connection, click that connection, and then click Settings.
Method 3: Internet Explorer is configured by using a user-defined proxy server value
If the following conditions are true, the Windows Update client uses the user-defined proxy server to connect to the Internet:
The Windows Update client cannot locate a proxy server by using automatic detection or by using an automatic configuration script.
A proxy server is defined in Internet Explorer.
To view the user-defined proxy server value, follow these steps:
Note the value that appears in the Address box under Proxy server.
Method 4: A proxy server is not specified in Internet Explorer
If no proxy server is defined in Internet Explorer, the Windows Update client uses the proxy server that was configured by using the tool. For more information about how to use the tool, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Method 5: No proxy server is configured
If the following conditions are true, the Windows Update client tries to connect to the Windows Update Web site directly:
No proxy server is configured by using the tool.
No proxy server is manually defined in Internet Explorer.
In this scenario, if a proxy server is required to connect to the Internet, the Windows Update client cannot successfully connect to the Windows Update Web site.
A description of the Web Proxy Auto Detect (WPAD) feature
The WPAD feature lets services locate an available proxy server by querying a DHCP option or by locating a particular DNS record. For more information about the advantages and disadvantages of using DNS instead of DHCP for WPAD, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
A description of the tool
The tool configures WinHTTP to use a specific proxy server by modifying the following registry entry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Connections\WinHttpSettingsThe tool is useful if you cannot implement WPAD. Additionally, you can use this tool to help you troubleshoot proxy server discovery problems in the network. In this situation, you can use this tool to help verify that an issue occurs because of a failure to discover a proxy server by using the other discovery methods, such as WPAD. For more information about a related topic, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
289481 You may need to run the Proxycfg tool for ServerXMLHTTP to work To view the command-line parameters that the tool supports, type /? at a command prompt, and then press ENTER. If you run the command by using no command-line parameters, the current settings are displayed. In this situation, you receive results that are similar to one of the following results.
Settings where no proxy server is configured
Microsoft (R) WinHTTP Default Proxy Configuration ToolCopyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights rrent WinHTTP proxy settings under: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Connections\ WinHttpSettings: Direct access (no proxy server).
Settings where a proxy server is configured
Microsoft (R) WinHTTP Default Proxy Configuration ToolCopyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights rrent WinHTTP proxy settings under: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Connections\ WinHttpSettings: Proxy Server = Bypass List =
To configure a proxy server by using the tool
To use the tool to configure a proxy server, follow these steps:
Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK.
At the command prompt, type proxycfg -p proxyservername:portnumber, and then press ENTER. In this command, replace proxyservername with the fully qualified domain name of the proxy server. Replace portnumber with the port number for which you want to configure the proxy server. For example, replace proxyservername with and replace portnumber with 80.
If the proxy server is successfully configured, the following results appear:
To remove a proxy server by using the tool
To use the tool to remove a proxy server and to configure “direct access” to the Internet, follow these steps:
At the command prompt, type proxycfg -D, and then press ENTER.
Note If one of the following conditions is true, a proxy server does not appear in the results of the command:
The proxy server is manually configured in Internet Explorer.
The proxy server is configured by using a configuration script.
The command is only used to manually configure the proxy server that WinHTTP uses. If you use WPAD to specify a proxy server, or if you use Internet Explorer to specify a proxy server, the results of the command should indicate a value of Direct access (no proxy server).
For Windows Vista and above, tool is available in place of use the tool to configure a proxy server, follow these steps:
At the command prompt, type netsh win set proxy proxyservername:portnumber, and then press ENTER. For example, replace proxyservername with and replace portnumber with 80.
At the command prompt, type netsh win reset proxy, and then press ENTER.
To verify the current proxy configuration by using the tool
To use the tool to verify the current proxy configuration, follow these steps:
At the command prompt, type netsh win show proxy, and then press ENTER.
Supported files
For more information about the supported types of files, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
Find Proxy Settings on Your Computer (for Local Testing ...

Find Proxy Settings on Your Computer (for Local Testing …

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You can find the proxy settings applicable to your machine and use them to set up Local Testing connections.
Introduction
A proxy server sits between your machine and your ISP. In most organizations, proxies are configured
by network admins to filter and/or monitor inbound and outbound web traffic from employee computers.
In this article, we’ll show you how to view proxy settings (if your computer is behind a proxy server).
You can then use the information to set up Local Testing connections with BrowserStack..
Find Proxy Settings in Windows
In most cases, browsers will use proxy settings that are set on the computer. However, each browser has a
settings page to configure proxy settings as well.
There are two ways to find proxy settings in Windows: via the Settings app (Windows 10 only) or via the
Control Panel.
Using the Settings App (Windows 10) to find proxy settings
Click on Start, then click on the gear icon (Settings) at the far left.
In the Windows Settings menu, click on Network & Internet.
In the left pane, click on Proxy.
Here you have all the settings that are related to setting up a proxy in Windows. It’s split into
two configurations: Automatic or Manual proxy setup.
Using the configuration details to set up Local Testing connection:
If “Use setup script“ is enabled, it means that you have configured PAC proxy on your system. You
can obtain the path to PAC file from the “Script Address“ section.
Note: To set up a Local Testing connection using the PAC file, you need to ensure that the PAC file is stored on your computer and path needs to an absolute path to that file.
If “Manual proxy setup” is enabled, you can simply obtain Proxy Host and Port from the “Address“
and “Port“ section.
For Local Testing to work correctly, you need to bypass the traffic for – – from your
proxy. You can do this by adding an entry in the Proxy Exception> text field in the
“Manual proxy setup” section.
Using Control Panel (all Windows versions) to find proxy settings
In any Windows version, you can find the proxy settings via the Control Panel on your computer.
Click on Start and open the Control Panel. Then click on
Internet Options.
In the Internet Options, go to Connections > LAN settings.
Here you have all the settings that are related to setting up a proxy in Windows. It’s basically
split into two configurations: either Automatic configuration or
Proxy Server setup.
If “Use automatic configuration script“ iis checked, it means that you have configured PAC proxy
in your system. You can obtain the path to PAC file from the “Script Address“ section.
If “Use a proxy server for your LAN” is checked, you can obtain Proxy Host and Port from the
“Address“ and “Port“ section.
proxy. You can do this by clicking the “Advanced“ button and adding an entry in the
“Do not use proxy server for addresses beginning with:“ text field.
Find Proxy Settings in OS X
On OS X, you have to view the proxy settings in System Preferences. This is where most browsers check automatically. However, each browser has a settings page to configure proxy settings as well.
Open System Preferences and click on Network.
On the left-hand side, click on an active network connection. Note that you can have different proxy settings for different network connections. Click on the Advanced button on the bottom right.
Click on the Proxies tab and you’ll see a list of proxy protocols you can configure.
If “Automatic Proxy Configuration“ is checked, it means that you have configured PAC proxy in your system. You can obtain the path to PAC file from the “Script Address“ section.
If “Web Proxy (HTTP)” or “Secure Web Proxy (HTTPS)“ is checked, you can simply obtain Proxy Host, Port, Username, and Password.
For Local Testing to work correctly, you need to bypass the traffic for – – from your proxy. You can do this by adding an entry in the ”Bypass proxy settings for these Hosts & Domains” text field.
Connection duration and disconnection
In Linux, finding your proxy settings will depend on what distribution you are running. Mostly, the procedure would be similar for the various distributions.
On Ubuntu, open on System Settings from the launcher and scroll down to Hardware. Click on Network.
Click on Network Proxy, you can choose from Automatic or Manual.
If the “Automatic“ option is selected, it means that you have configured PAC proxy in your system. You can obtain the path to PAC file from the “Configuration URL“ section.
If the “Manual“ option is selected, you can simply obtain Proxy Host and Port from the appropriate section.
For Local Testing to work correctly, you need to bypass the traffic for – – from your proxy. You can do this by using the command-line interface as follows:
To change proxy exceptions, use ‘set’ option with ‘gsettings’ command as follows.
$ gsettings set ignore-hosts “[‘localhost’, ”, ‘::1’]”
If access to the above sections is restricted on your computer, you can seek help from your IT/Network Team to gather this information.
How to Know If You're Behind a Proxy Server

How to Know If You’re Behind a Proxy Server

A proxy server acts sort of like a middleman between your browser and servers that display Web pages. They do this by receiving page or link requests from your browser and then passing them to the Web server that hosts them. Many businesses use proxy servers to block access to certain sites or provide network users with more anonymity while surfing the Web. However, some sites restrict access to computers that connect through a proxy server. If you are having trouble accessing some sites, it might be because your computer connects through a proxy. Therefore, if you are having access problems, you should know how to determine whether your computer connects through a proxy. Firefox Launch Mozilla Firefox on your computer. Click “Tools, ” click “Options” and choose “Options from the menu that slides out. Click the “Advanced” tab in the Options window. Click the “Settings” button in the Connection box. Locate the selected connection option in the list on the Connection tab. If your Internet connection uses no proxy server, the “No Proxy” connection setting option is enabled. If either the “Use System Proxy Settings” or “Manual Proxy Configuration” setting is selected, then your computer accesses the Internet via a proxy server. Internet Explorer Click the “Tools” drop-down arrow in the upper-right portion of the browser window. Select “Internet Options. ” Click the “Connections” tab in the Internet Options window. Click the “LAN Settings” button. If there is a check mark in the box next to the “Us a proxy server for your LAN” option, then your PC accesses the Web through a proxy server. If there is no check mark in the box, your computer does not use a proxy server. References Resources Tips Google Chrome uses the same network settings as Internet Explorer. If you use Chrome as your browser, you can determine if you are behind a proxy server by checking the connection settings in Internet Explorer. There are many sites on the Web that can help you determine whether you access the Internet through a proxy server. Sites such as, and all allow you to view proxy settings on your computer with a couple of mouse clicks. Writer Bio Jeff Grundy has been writing computer-related articles and tutorials since 1995. Since that time, Grundy has written many guides to using various applications that are published on numerous how-to and tutorial sites. Born and raised in South Georgia, Grundy holds a Master of Science degree in mathematics from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Frequently Asked Questions about cmd get proxy

How do I find my proxy server CMD?

To use the Netsh.exe tool to verify the current proxy configuration, follow these steps:Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK.At the command prompt, type netsh winhttp show proxy, and then press ENTER.

How do I get a proxy?

In any Windows version, you can find the proxy settings via the Control Panel on your computer.Click on Start and open the Control Panel. Then click on Internet Options.In the Internet Options, go to Connections > LAN settings.Here you have all the settings that are related to setting up a proxy in Windows.

How do I find out what proxy server I am using?

Click the “Connections” tab in the Internet Options window. Click the “LAN Settings” button. If there is a check mark in the box next to the “Us a proxy server for your LAN” option, then your PC accesses the Web through a proxy server. If there is no check mark in the box, your computer does not use a proxy server.

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