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How to Configure Proxy in CentOS/RHEL/Fedora – The Geek …
What is a Proxy Server
A proxy server is a server that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources on the internet or an external network. Think of it as a go-between who makes requests on behalf of the client, ensuring that anyone outside of your network does not know the details of the requesting host.
Verify if proxy is set on the server
This command will show if there is a proxy server configured on the system:
Setting Proxy for Command line programs
The _proxy environment variable is used to specify proxy settings to client programs such as curl and wget. Below are the various examples of using proxy for commandline programs:
1. No username and password required:
To configure proxy without username and password:
# export _proxy=SERVER:PORT/
2. Username and password authentication:
To configure the proxy server with username and password authentication:
# export _proxy=USERNAME:[email protected]:PORT/
3. Domain, username and password required:
To configure proxy with username/password authentication along with the Domain name:
# export _proxy=DOMAIN\\USERNAME:[email protected]:PORT/
Special character handling
Literal backslash characters (\) need to be doubled escape them as shown below.
When the username or password uses the @ symbol, add a backslash (\) before the @ – for example:
# export _proxy=DOMAIN\\USERN\@ME:[email protected]:PORT
# export _proxy=DOMAIN\\USERNAME:P\@[email protected]:PORT
Configuring Proxy in CentOS/RHEL 7 permanently (for processes without shell)
Define the environment variables in /etc/environment file if you want to add a permanent proxy in the CentOS/RHEL 7.
# echo “_proxy= > /etc/environment
Note that unlike a shell script in /etc/profile. d described in the next section, the /etc/environment file is NOT a shell script and applies to all processes without a shell.
Configuring proxy for processes with SHELL
For bash and sh users, add the export line given above into a new file called /etc/profile. d/ file:
# echo “export _proxy= > /etc/profile. d/
For csh and tcsh users, use the following command to set the _proxy variable in a new file called /etc/profile. d/ file:
# echo “setenv _proxy > /etc/profile. d/
The extension of these files determines which shell will read them. The commands are not interchangeable.
Setting proxu for other programs
To configure yum behind proxy, modify the /etc/ with the following:
# vi /etc/
Note: Other programs (such as Firefox) will have their own internal settings for proxy usage.
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Configure Proxy Settings on CentOS 8/7 | RHEL 8/7 & Fedora …
How can I configure System wide proxy settings on CentOS 8/7 or Fedora 34/33/32/31/30 or RHEL 8/7 Linux machine?. Our guide will discuss how you can configure access to internet via proxy server on a Linux machine. This will include the use of wget, lynx, or curl utilities from a command line as well as package management nfigure System-Wide Proxy settings on Desktop UIFor users running a Desktop environment on Fedora / CentOS and RHEL Linux, changes can be made on the system control vigate to Settings > Network > Network ProxySelect “Manual” to input proxy settings. Populate proxy values for,, and ftp. If you have SOCKS proxy, also set it accordingly. Once changes are saved, the system will pick them on Firefox BrowserIf you have Firefox browser, you need to update proxy settings under Preferences > Network Settings > Manual Proxy nfigure Proxy settings and click “OK” to nfigure System-Wide Proxy settings on CLIWe will add a shell script file under /etc/profile. This will ensure the settings apply to all logged-in vi /etc/profileAdd your proxy settings. # set proxy config via profie. d – should apply for all users
export no_proxy=”127. 0. 1, localhost”
# For curl
export NO_PROXY=”127. 1, localhost”Where:10. 10. 1. 10 is the proxy server ip, can be replaced with hostname8080 is the proxy server portIf authentication is required, the syntax is:username:[email protected]:proxyport/Source the file when done to start using the proxy settings, or alternatively logout and back in. $ source /etc/profileConfirm:$ env | grep -i proxySet proxy for YUM|DNF package managerThe above settings will work for Applications and command-line tools but not for YUM and DNF package management DNF – Fedora / CentOS/RHEL 8$ sudo vim /etc/dnf/
proxy=proxyserver:portFor CentOS 6/7:$ sudo vim /etc/
proxy=proxyserver:portFor RHEL users, you’ll also need to set Proxy for accessing RHSM content:$ sudo vi /etc/rhsm/
proxy_port = 8080If your proxy server requires authentication, also set# user name for authenticating to an proxy, if needed
# password for basic proxy auth, if needed
proxy_password =That’s the basic settings you’ll need to use proxy server to access internet on CentOS/RHEL 7&8 and on Fedora Linux Ubuntu/Debian, check:How To Set System Wide Proxy on Ubuntu / Debian Linux
Setting your proxy in CentOS and Red Hat – Serverlab
Most organizations funnel all Internet-bound traffic through a proxy server. In environments such as these you will need to configure your Red Hat-based distribution to pass traffic to the proxy server.
In this article I will provide instructions on how to configure your proxy for various use cases, from a default global configuration to temporary individual configurations.
The following instructions are not inherent to RedHat distributions only. They can be applied to any Linux distribution with little or no conversion.
Setting the proxy on a Linux installation is primarily done via setting environment variables. There are three variables available – for HTTP traffic, HTTPS traffic, and by-pass traffic.
HTTP_PROXYSets an endpoint for all HTTP traffic traversing port 80.
HTTPS_PROXYSimilar to HTTP_PROXY, this sets an endpoint for all traffic SSL\TLS encrypted traffic traversing port 443.
NO_PROXYA comma-delimited list of subnets, IP addresses, hostnames and domain names to exclude from proxy. Traffic matching any of the patterns set here will go directly to the destination host.
The export command is used to set environment variables. The follow three examples show you how to set your HTTP, HTTPS and NO_PROXY settings.
export _proxy=export _proxy=no_proxy=192. 168. 1. *, localhost,
Proxy settings set this way will not persist beyond your user session, and they will only apply to your current user session. In the next section creating persistent proxy settings will be covered.
Persistent User Proxy Settings
When we export variables as environment variables the lifespan is only as long as the user session. In order to have to have a persistent configuration we can use a users’ profile script.
Open the profile script for a user into a text editorAdd lines to the configuration to export your desired proxy environment variables.
To apply the proxy settings to your active session, use the source command against the profile ~/. profile
Global Proxy Settings
When you want your proxy settings to persist globally, for every user account on your server, you can add the proxy environment variables to the default profile script. The default profile is applied every time a user creates a new session, and it runs prior to the user’s profile.
Open the default profile script into a text editorsudo vi /etc/defaultAdd the desired proxy environment variables to the bottom of the file.
export _proxy=export _proxy=no_proxy=localhost, *, 192. *
To apply the settings to your current user session the source command against the defauilt profile.